A company vying to be the first internet service provider in space as well as a NASA monitoring system for testing technologies on suborbital vehicles were both carried into space when Blue Origin’s New Shepard rocket successfully launched April 29.
Solstar’s space communicator services aim to securely and conveniently connect people and technology in space to Earth via any internet connected device. Named for Apollo 17 astronaut and U.S. Senator, Harrison “Jack” Schmitt, the Schmitt Space Communicator Xperimental technology (SC-1x) may connect researchers on the ground and in space to improve exploration.
“We have already proven our technology works in space,” said M. Brian Barnett, Solstar founder and CEO. “This flight allowed us to test the quality of our internet link that will lead to commercial services. The technology demonstration went as planned, performing the first commercial tweet in space. Solstar could offer Wi-Fi services to people and things flying in space, similarly to how airlines currently provide customers in-flight Wi-Fi services.”
Solstar’s communication technologies have flown twice through the Flight Opportunities program funding on two of the program’s contracted launch providers: Near Space Corp. high-altitude balloon and UP Aerospace’s suborbital rocket.
The second experiment flown on New Shepard is the first FO-funded flight of the Suborbital Flight Experiment Monitor (SFEM-2) with the primary objective of evaluating suborbital vehicles as potential test platforms for future space technology. The flight also provides an early assessment of an acoustic sensor that is now being tested on the International Space Station. The sensor was also selected for the Orion spacecraft.
“Currently, ground-based testing in low-gravity conditions is largely limited to parabolic aircraft, which provides a very short duration of microgravity, a matter of seconds,” said Katy Hulbert, Ph.D., NASA SFEM-2 principal investigator. “Suborbital flight testing would allow longer duration and continuous operational testing with variable gravity, such as high-g (or high levels of acceleration) during launch and offering minutes of microgravity at suborbital altitude.”
The SFEM-2 will provide data for acceleration, cabin temperature and pressure, and other measurements such as acoustic levels. Using SFEM-2 will also allow for an understanding of the internal environment of new suborbital vehicles to test technologies needed to support future space missions.
Through the Flight Opportunities program, the Space Technology Mission Directorate selects promising technologies from industry, academia and government for testing on commercial launch vehicles. The program is funded by STMD, and managed at NASA’s Armstrong Flight Research Center in Edwards, Calif.
STMD is responsible for developing the crosscutting, pioneering, new technologies and capabilities needed by the agency to achieve its current and future missions.