Health & Safety

August 23, 2012

AF addresses use of ‘bath salts’ with zero tolerance

Robert Goetz
Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph Public Affairs

JOINT BASE SAN ANTONIO-RANDOLPH, Texas — A dangerous designer drug with an innocuous name is growing in popularity, causing concern in the military and in the civilian world.

Marketed as “bath salts,” these retail products contain chemicals that are synthetic derivatives of cathinone, a central nervous system stimulant, and are known to effect users in a variety of ways, from agitation, insomnia, irritability and dizziness to depression, paranoia, delusions and suicidal thoughts, according to the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration.

“Mephedrone and methylenedioxypyrovalerone, also known as MDPV, are derivatives of cathinone and they’re found in a number of retail products,” Kathryn McLemore, 359th Medical Operations Squadron drug demand reduction program manager, said. “These products are believed to be manufactured in China and India for wholesale distribution in Eastern Europe.”

McLemore said 34 states have a legislative ban on bath salts and the remaining 16 are part of an emergency federal ban.

“With this legislation, consuming or possessing bath salts is illegal,” she said.

In October 2011, the DEA published a final order in the Federal Register exercising its emergency scheduling authority to control three synthetic stimulants used to make bath salts: mephedrone, MDPV and methylone.

McLemore said bath salts come in crystallized powder form.

“Mephedrone is a fine white, off-white or slightly yellow-colored powder,” she said. “It can also be found in tablet form. MDPV is a fine white or off-white powder.”

Bath salts are typically sold in plastic bags or foil packages of 200 and 500 milligrams under various names – street names like Bliss, Blue Silk, Cloud Nine, Ivory Wave and White Dove. They are usually labeled “Not for human consumption.”

“They’re mostly sold on the Internet, in convenience stores and in head shops,” McLemore said.

Bath salts are ingested by sniffing or snorting.

“They can also be taken orally, smoked or put into a solution and injected into veins,” she said.

In addition to effects such as agitation, depression, paranoia and suicidal thoughts, users report impaired perception of reality, reduced motor control and decreased ability to think clearly, McLemore said. The effects of bath salts have been likened to those of amphetamines, cocaine, LSD and ecstasy.

“Because the chemicals in bath salts are a central nervous system stimulant, users experience rapid heart rate, which may lead to heart attacks and strokes; chest pains; nose bleeds; sweating; nausea; and vomiting,” she said. “It’s pretty serious stuff.”

No calls regarding bath salts were made to U.S. poison control centers in 2009, but statistics from the National Drug Intelligence Center showed that the American Association of Poison Control Centers received 2,237 bath salts-related calls from 47 states and the District of Columbia between Jan. 1, 2011, and May 12, 2011.

McLemore said she has seen no evidence of bath salts use by Joint Base San Antonio-Randolph Airmen.

“I have had no positives here, and we test pretty regularly,” she said.

McLemore said the Air Force’s stance on bath salts and similar substances is clear: zero tolerance.

Air Force Instruction 44-120 says the “knowing use of any intoxicating substance, other than the lawful use of alcohol or tobacco products, that is inhaled, injected, consumed or introduced into the body in any manner to alter mood or function is prohibited.”




All of this week's top headlines to your email every Friday.


 
 

 
(U.S. Air Force photo by Alan Boedeker)

AF to change instructions for oaths

WASHINGTON (AFNS)  — The Air Force has instructed force support offices across the service to allow both enlisted members and officers to omit the words “So help me God” from enlistment and officer appointment oaths ...
 
 

Draft Total Force Training Environmental Assessment available for public review

The revised draft Environmental Assessment for Total Force Training (formerly Operation Snowbird) was released by Air Combat Command here today. The release initiates a 30-day public comment period, which ends October 23.  Substantive public comments submitted by that date will be considered before the Air Force makes any determinations on the proposal.  These comments will...
 
 
(U.S. Air Force photo/Scott Ash)

AF signs Total-Force Aircrew Management charter

WASHINGTON (AFNS) — Senior Air Force leaders signed a Total Force Aircrew Management charter Sept. 18, during the Aircrew Summit at Joint Base Andrews, Maryland. Secretary of the Air Force Deborah Lee James, Chief of Staf...
 

 

Information security part of everything we do

NELLIS AIR FORCE BASE, Nev. — It’s been one of those days. You are super busy and your unit just received another tasking. You are trying to do five jobs at once and don’t even have time to think. You decide to help your unit deployment manager get the word out and forward an email...
 
 
leadership

When leaders earn their keep

JOINT BASE SAN ANTONIO-RANDOLPH, Texas — It’s no secret that a key to being a good leader, military or otherwise, is taking care of your people. I strongly believe Airmen aren’t able to perform at their peak if their ...
 
 
(U.S. Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Cheyenne Morigeau)

Fuels Management team finds a new home

The 355th Logistics Readiness Squadron held a ribbon cutting ceremony to celebrate the completion of their new Fuels Management facility and Type III Fuels Hydrant System facility at D-M, Sept. 17. The new facilities are equipp...
 




0 Comments


Be the first to comment!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>


Directory powered by Business Directory Plugin