Air Force

August 16, 2013

AFFT Museum moves three aircraft out of storage

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Rebecca Amber
Staff writer

Traffic is stopped as the F-16XL is transported west down Rosamond Blvd. towards its new home at the Air Force Flight Test Museum Aug. 9, 2013. The F-16XL, an experimental fighter, is a derivative of the F-16 that was used to explore the advanced cranked-arrow delta wing. The plane was one of three aircraft transported to the AFFT Museum from their restoration home in Hangar 1864.

The Air Force Flight Test Museum at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., brought three aircraft, a T-38A, a single-seat F-16XL and an X-4 Bantam, out of storage Aug. 9.

Traffic was stopped as the aircraft made their way down Rosamond Boulevard to the museum. It was a rare treat for the bi-weekly General Public Tour given by the 412th Test Wing Public Affairs Office, which had tourists visiting the museum at the time.

“Coming on the tour we didn’t expect to be able to see planes driving into the museum, so we feel very honored that we were here at the right time and the right place,” said Jennifer Perot, tour attendee. “It was quite an experience.”

Her husband, Morris Perot added, “It’s pretty cool to get a sense of the history just driving down the road.”

Prior to the move, the aircraft were stored at Hangar 1864, the museum’s restoration hangar. According to George Welsh, AFFT Museum curator, “The T-38 was in great shape.” He added that the aircraft had been adopted by a local Eagle Scout group which volunteers to maintain its appearance.

A T-38A Supersonic Trainer makes its way to the Air Force Flight Test Museum to join the outdoor static displays Aug. 9.

William Simone, Flight Test Historical Foundation Board Member and Museum Committee Chairman said, “The T-38A, a late 1950 design, was the first supersonic trainer to enter service. Approximately 75,000 pilots, including virtually every Air Force pilot since 1961, have been trained in the T-38. After 50 years of service it is still training future pilots and used by the United States Air Force Test Pilot School here at Edwards.”

He added that the F-16XL, an experimental fighter, is a derivative of the F-16 that was used to explore the advanced cranked-arrow delta wing. Of the two that were built, the museum has the number one bird.
After more than a decade of outdoor storage, the X-4 underwent a complete external restoration by a group of volunteers.

“The X-4, purely an experimental aircraft, is a late 1940 design that explored the flight characteristics of tailless aircraft in the transonic speed range. This aircraft is unique in that only one pilot, Charles Tucker, flew it during its entire career,” said Simone.

The number one X-4 Bantam (foreground/right) is now part of the indoor collection of aircraft in the Air Force Flight Test Center Museum at Edwards AFB, Calif.Two X-4s were built by the Northrop Corporation, but the first was found to be mechanically unsound and after 10 flights it was grounded and used to provide parts for the second. While being tested from 1950 to 1953 at the NACA High-Speed Flight Research Station (now Edwards Air Force Base), the X-4’s semi-tailless configuration exhibited inherent longitudinal stability problems as it approached the speed of sound. It was concluded that (with the control technology available at the time) tailless craft were not suited for transonic flight.

The X-4 now sits in the museum repainted in its original color scheme of red and light grey stripes. Northrop Grumman originally added the red stripes to improve visibility to the very small aircraft.

The three aircraft that were moved “represent nearly 70 years of aviation excellence,” said Simone.

Senior Airman Lucas Underwood, 412th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron, has been volunteering at the museum working on airframes since he moved to Edwards in 2011. He was on a base tour for first-term Airmen when the tour guide suggested volunteering at the museum.

“Unfortunately the museum was closed,” said Underwood. “But, we were told that if we ever wanted to do something interesting with our time here, instead of just going out to Los Angeles or Vegas, we could talk to the museum curator and do some volunteer work.”

Underwood recalled first seeing the museum’s X-4, which now sits inside the museum, as being “pieces on trailers.” He explained that it had been outside for years and was in desperate need of restoration. “I actually got to see the thing being built from the ground up,” said Underwood.

A crew of volunteers adjusts the position of the T-38A that was moved from the Air Force Flight Test museumís restoration hangar 1864 Aug.9 to the museum’s main display area.

“Active duty, I work on the F-16, but now I can say that I’ve had some involvement with the SR-71, F-22, F-117 and the X-4,” said Underwood. “There are only a handful of these kinds of aircraft that you can actually work with because of them being kind of out-dated and retired. I never would have had any involvement with the projects if it weren’t for getting involved with the museum.”

Welsh said that moving the aircraft has freed up space in the restoration hangar allowing them to make plans to move additional aircraft from South Base that need restoration.

“That’s why we’re here, to preserve [the aircraft] and use them to educate people as to what the aircraft did here at Edwards and what the significance was,” said Welsh.

He concluded that adding more aircraft to the museum’s outdoor static display will allow people to see base history even after museum hours. The aircraft will be supplemented with outdoor graphics that tell their stories. Welsh mentioned the aircraft on display also act as a staging area for the new museum that is set to be constructed outside the West Gate on Rosamond Blvd.

“[Moving the aircraft] consolidates our collection. We do have an amazing collection of aircraft and now, with the help of security forces, base civil engineering and airfield management, we can show it to the public,” Welsh said.




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