April 5, 2012

Military Intelligence “” this week in history April 5, 2012


Military Intelligence Officer Reserve Corps created

April 2, 1921

After the end of World War I, the Army faced the challenge of downsizing while retaining trained professionals. The American people wanted no larger force than was necessary to defend the country, and they were in no mood to support a force of the size that would be called to fight another overseas war. Therefore, in 1920, Congress passed a sweeping amendment to the National Defense Act of 1916.

The National Defense Act of June 4, 1920 established the U.S. Army as an organization of three components: the standing Regular Army, the National Guard, and the Organized Reserves, which consisted of the Officers’ Reserve Corps and the Enlisted Reserve Corps “” two distinct organizations.

Brig. Gen. Dennis Nolan, who was serving as the Army chief of staff, G-2, insisted that a special section, separate from the ORC, would be essential to provide the required number of intelligence specialists in the event of war. As a result, a portion of the ORC was designated the Military Intelligence Section, Officer Reserve Corps, and fell under the control of the director, Military Intelligence Division, Army general staff.

This MIORC organization was created on April 2, 1921. On the same day, the director of Military Intelligence was authorized to act in the capacity of a chief-of-branch, granting him the authority to grant commissions within the MIORC to recently demobilized intelligence personnel, thus maintaining the professionalism of the intelligence force.

“This Week in History” is a feature on the Command History Office website. Those with Army Knowledge Online access can view it at

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