Army

May 24, 2012

Military Intelligence — this week in history May 24, 2012

Fort Huachuca Command History Office

Corps of Intelligence Police infiltrates Bonus Marchers

May 24, 1932

Bonus Veterans of the Bonus Expeditionary Forces at the Capitol

In 1932 the nation was in the midst of the Great Depression. Political tensions grew daily, as people grew more and more desperate and frustrated.

In May, a band of jobless veterans of World War I marched into Washington demanding early payment of the bonuses Congress had promised them for their service in the War. The bonuses were not supposed to be paid until 1945.

The group called themselves the “Bonus Expeditionary Forces,” but became known simply as the “Bonus Marchers.” The unofficial leader of the Marchers, Walter Walters, himself an out-of-work former Army sergeant, tried to maintain order while the group waited for legislation to pass, but by the end of June the movement had swelled to 20,000 tired, hungry, frustrated men who were getting no relief.

Meanwhile, the fear of a communist conspiracy to undermine the government of the United States was also increasing. Then Chief of Staff of the Army, Gen. Douglas MacArthur, was convinced that “the movement was actually far deeper and more dangerous than an effort to secure funds from a nearly depleted federal treasury.” He wasn’t about to sit idly by under this “attack.”

On May 25, 1932, a secret War Department memorandum was sent out to all Corps area intelligence officers directing them to investigate and report regularly concerning “bonus demonstrations by veterans.”

At the same time, the Military Intelligence Division began sending a daily memorandum to the chief of staff describing the current status of the bonus marcher situation within the Nation’s capital. The political implication of the U.S. collecting information on its own civilian population, particularly its veterans, was potentially explosive.

Eventually, MacArthur, acting on orders from the White House, cleared the area using mounted Army troops with sabers and tear gas, leaving behind images of fires and refugee veterans that hit all major news headlines the next morning.

President Herbert Hoover was much criticized for the severity of his eviction and his perceived insensitivity to the plight of the veterans and the nation’s poor. The veterans got their bonuses, four years later. The average check per veteran was about $580; ultimately, nearly $2 billion was distributed to three million World War I veterans.

“This Week in History” is a feature on the Command History Office website.

Those with AKO access can go to https://ikn.army.mil/apps/mi_history/.

To learn more about the 2012 MI Branch and Corps Commemoration, go to the public website, https://www.ikn.army.mil/apps/mi_comm/.




All of this week's top headlines to your email every Friday.


 
 

 
Eric Hortin, NETCOM

Fort Huachuca’s first CFC Walk designed to heighten awareness

Eric Hortin, NETCOM Soldiers visit one of the Combined Federal Campaign unit coordinator stations to gather information and fill out contribution forms Wednesday after the CFC Awareness Walk at Warrior/Sentinel Field. The 2014 ...
 
 

IMCOM revises overseas tour policy to enhance development opportunities

SAN ANTONIO — A new U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) policy, published Tuesday, will open development doors to its general schedule employees in grades nine and above by reducing a backlog of employees past their five-year overseas tour rotations and placing them in stateside positions to create a leadership development cycle. The IMCOM Enhanced...
 
 

Red Ribbon Week held this week on Fort Huachuca

Red Ribbon Week is the oldest and largest drug prevention campaign in the country. Although the start end dates can vary slightly depending on the organization and source, Red Ribbon Week generally takes place the last full week in October, with the weekends before and following the last full week included as appropriate celebration dates....
 

 
Maci Hidalgo

Fort raises domestic violence awareness with open house

Maci Hidalgo During the Domestic Violence Awareness Open House at Army Community Service Oct. 23, Jan Barber, Fort Huachuca’s Family Advocacy Program manager, highlights the resources available to Families and Soldiers, inclu...
 
 

Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center warns of Halloween hazards

TUCSON, Ariz. – As Halloween time nears, personnel at the Arizona Poison and Drug Information Center want parents and grandparents to watch for common risks to youth. Glow stick exposures possible Sometimes youngsters break or gnaw on the sticks and come in contact with the “glow.” Fortunately, the colorful liquid is low on the toxicity...
 
 
DoD

USNORTHCOM plans to support response to EBOLA cases in US

The Department of Defense (DOD), at the request of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), announced last weekend that U.S. Northern Command (USNORTHCOM) is providing a 30-person medical support team to quickly, effectively and safely respond in the event of additional Ebola cases in the United States. USNORTHCOM is the military’s geographic command...
 




0 Comments


Be the first to comment!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>


Directory powered by Business Directory Plugin