U.S.

September 27, 2012

Military Intelligence – this week in history: September 27, 2012

Benedict Arnold meets with Maj. John Andre to betray Americans in 1870.

Maj. John Andre apprehended for spying

Sept. 23, 1780
On this week in history, Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge apprehended Maj. John Andre of the British Intelligence Service who was trying to purchase the surrender of West Point. This arrest thwarted the plans of American turncoat, Gen. Benedict Arnold, to betray the defenses of West Point to Andre. Andre was later executed by hanging, the same sentence that Capt. Nathan Hale had received from the British in 1776, although Arnold escaped to Canada.

The following biographical sketch is taken from “Spy Letters of the American Revolution,” a website focused on the intelligence operations of both the British and American armies during the Revolutionary War, based on the Sir Henry Clinton collection at the William C. Clements Library, University of Michigan. It can be accessed at http://www2.si.umich.edu/spies/index-people.html.

[John] André purchased a commission as second lieutenant in the Royal Welsh Fusiliers in 1771. In 1774 he joined a regiment in Quebec, where he pursued his first love of poetry and painting. In September and October 1775, American troops laid siege to André’s fort at St. Johns. He was captured, brought back to Lancaster, Pa., and treated roughly. His days as a prisoner turned him against the American rebels. The Americans finally exchanged him in 1776, and he met up with British troops in New York City. Sir William Howe was especially interested in the information André had learned behind the American lines.

André then purchased a position as captain and become Gen. Charles Grey’s aide. He became known for behaving ruthlessly and aggressively on the battlefield.
In 1778 André joined the staff of Henry Clinton, Gen. Howe’s replacement. Clinton made him head of intelligence in April 1779. André successfully kept track of intelligence from American deserters and British prisoners who had escaped or were exchanged. André’s most famous success was the treachery of Benedict Arnold. As a result, Clinton promoted André rapidly, from deputy to adjutant general in October 1779.

Yet Benedict Arnold was also André’s downfall. Three American militiamen captured André, who was dressed in civilian clothes with a treasonous letter from Clinton to Arnold in his shoe. André was tried by court martial. Found guilty, he begged George Washington to shoot him as a gentleman instead of hanging him as a spy. Nevertheless, he was hanged as a spy in Tappan, New York on October 2, 1780.

“This Week in History” is a feature on the Command History Office website.

Those with Army Knowledge Online access can go to https://ikn.army.mil/apps/mi_history/.




All of this week's top headlines to your email every Friday.


 
 

 
Jolene Cooper, MVC

Homes await military Families: MVC has available housing in most post neighborhoods

Jolene Cooper, MVC A currently unoccupied home in Miles Manor 1 is available to a Family of a Service member E1 through E-6. Unlike most homes in that housing area, it is a single unit. All nearby homes are located less than a ...
 
 

Presidential Proclamation — National Native American Heritage Month, 2014

NATIONAL NATIVE AMERICAN HERITAGE MONTH, 2014 BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA A PROCLAMATION Every year, our Nation pauses to reflect on the profound ways the First Americans have shaped our country’s character and culture. The first stewards of our environment, early voices for the values that define our Nation, and models...
 
 

Garrison commander conducts Ebola Awareness Town Halls

The Fort Huachuca U.S. Army Garrison commander conducted two Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) Awareness Town Halls Nov. 13 at Murr Community Center to ensure all Installation Management Command (IMCOM) personnel are knowledgeable about the disease, its origins and spread. Col. Thomas A. Boone addressed attendees about the mandatory IMCOM Ebola training requirement, and said the...
 

 

IMCOM unveils plan for 2025 and beyond

SAN ANTONIO — The U.S. Army Installation Management Command released “IMCOM 2025 and Beyond,” a new campaign plan operationalizing the commanding general’s vision for the organization. This plan provides a roadmap for IMCOM’s future and serves as a change management document that focuses the command’s collective efforts, prioritizes resources and continues the exchange of informatio...
 
 

Recycle cooking oil, grease after Thanksgiving Day

After you’re done with the turkey and stuffing next week, take cooking oil and grease to be recycled at one of the two City of Sierra Vista year-round grease collection sites, free of charge. In previous years, Sierra Vista has set up a special grease collection site on the day after Thanksgiving. “This year, we’re...
 
 
Gary Sheftick

Native Americans place special honor in military service

Gary Sheftick Mary Hudetz, editor-in-chief of Native Peoples Magazine and president of the Native American Journalists Association, speaks to reporters and students at the Defense Information School, during the Defense Media Ac...
 




0 Comments


Be the first to comment!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>


Directory powered by Business Directory Plugin