U.S.

September 27, 2012

Military Intelligence – this week in history: September 27, 2012

Benedict Arnold meets with Maj. John Andre to betray Americans in 1870.

Maj. John Andre apprehended for spying

Sept. 23, 1780
On this week in history, Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge apprehended Maj. John Andre of the British Intelligence Service who was trying to purchase the surrender of West Point. This arrest thwarted the plans of American turncoat, Gen. Benedict Arnold, to betray the defenses of West Point to Andre. Andre was later executed by hanging, the same sentence that Capt. Nathan Hale had received from the British in 1776, although Arnold escaped to Canada.

The following biographical sketch is taken from “Spy Letters of the American Revolution,” a website focused on the intelligence operations of both the British and American armies during the Revolutionary War, based on the Sir Henry Clinton collection at the William C. Clements Library, University of Michigan. It can be accessed at http://www2.si.umich.edu/spies/index-people.html.

[John] André purchased a commission as second lieutenant in the Royal Welsh Fusiliers in 1771. In 1774 he joined a regiment in Quebec, where he pursued his first love of poetry and painting. In September and October 1775, American troops laid siege to André’s fort at St. Johns. He was captured, brought back to Lancaster, Pa., and treated roughly. His days as a prisoner turned him against the American rebels. The Americans finally exchanged him in 1776, and he met up with British troops in New York City. Sir William Howe was especially interested in the information André had learned behind the American lines.

André then purchased a position as captain and become Gen. Charles Grey’s aide. He became known for behaving ruthlessly and aggressively on the battlefield.
In 1778 André joined the staff of Henry Clinton, Gen. Howe’s replacement. Clinton made him head of intelligence in April 1779. André successfully kept track of intelligence from American deserters and British prisoners who had escaped or were exchanged. André’s most famous success was the treachery of Benedict Arnold. As a result, Clinton promoted André rapidly, from deputy to adjutant general in October 1779.

Yet Benedict Arnold was also André’s downfall. Three American militiamen captured André, who was dressed in civilian clothes with a treasonous letter from Clinton to Arnold in his shoe. André was tried by court martial. Found guilty, he begged George Washington to shoot him as a gentleman instead of hanging him as a spy. Nevertheless, he was hanged as a spy in Tappan, New York on October 2, 1780.

“This Week in History” is a feature on the Command History Office website.

Those with Army Knowledge Online access can go to https://ikn.army.mil/apps/mi_history/.




All of this week's top headlines to your email every Friday.


 
 

 
Maranda Flynn

Sergeant Major of the Army talks Fort Huachuca’s leadership, success in Army’s future

Maranda Flynn Sgt. Maj. of the Army Raymond Chandler III speaks to Fort Huachuca, Ariz. Soldiers about battle buddy safety during a town hall meeting held at Cochise Theater, Aug. 20. As force reduction kicks into gear, Soldier...
 
 

Celebrating Women’s Equality Day — 2014

The Nation’s Annual Observance of Women’s Equality Day commemorates the addition of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution, which guarantees women the right to vote. This victory moved our Nation forward on the path towards equal civil and political rights for all Americans. The roles of women in the Army have changed dramatically since 1775....
 
 
Courtesy of the International Military Student Office

IMSO plays integral part in international students’ lives here

Courtesy of the International Military Student Office International military students meet U.S. Representative Ron Barber while taking a week-long trip to Washington D.C. The trip was organized by the International Military Stu...
 

 

New 35Q course offered at Fort Huachuca NCOA

The new Cryptologic Network Warfare Analyst Advanced Leader Course, ALC, resumed its second cycle of classes this month at the Noncommissioned Officer Academy, NCOA. The 288-hour, small group-led ALC prepares noncommissioned officers to assume supervisory roles in cyber analysis and operation elements. Upon completion, Soldiers should be able to apply critical thinking while supervising and...
 
 
Lisa Ferdinando

Army focuses on good energy stewardship to protect mission

Lisa Ferdinando Katherine Hammack, assistant secretary of the Army for Installations, Energy and Environment, speaks at a panel discussion in Washington, D.C., April 10, 2013. WASHINGTON — The Army is focused on being a good ...
 
 

Under Secretary challenges Army senior leaders to revamp Civilian career management

ARLINGTON, Va. — During a two-day session at the Pentagon last month, approximately 30 members of the Senior Executive Service, or SES, gathered to discuss how to improve Civilian career development. Army Under Secretary Brad Carson hosted the event, which was meant to help shape policy changes regarding how the Army hires, trains, develops and...
 




0 Comments


Be the first to comment!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>


Directory powered by Business Directory Plugin