U.S.

September 27, 2012

Military Intelligence – this week in history: September 27, 2012

Benedict Arnold meets with Maj. John Andre to betray Americans in 1870.

Maj. John Andre apprehended for spying

Sept. 23, 1780
On this week in history, Maj. Benjamin Tallmadge apprehended Maj. John Andre of the British Intelligence Service who was trying to purchase the surrender of West Point. This arrest thwarted the plans of American turncoat, Gen. Benedict Arnold, to betray the defenses of West Point to Andre. Andre was later executed by hanging, the same sentence that Capt. Nathan Hale had received from the British in 1776, although Arnold escaped to Canada.

The following biographical sketch is taken from “Spy Letters of the American Revolution,” a website focused on the intelligence operations of both the British and American armies during the Revolutionary War, based on the Sir Henry Clinton collection at the William C. Clements Library, University of Michigan. It can be accessed at http://www2.si.umich.edu/spies/index-people.html.

[John] André purchased a commission as second lieutenant in the Royal Welsh Fusiliers in 1771. In 1774 he joined a regiment in Quebec, where he pursued his first love of poetry and painting. In September and October 1775, American troops laid siege to André’s fort at St. Johns. He was captured, brought back to Lancaster, Pa., and treated roughly. His days as a prisoner turned him against the American rebels. The Americans finally exchanged him in 1776, and he met up with British troops in New York City. Sir William Howe was especially interested in the information André had learned behind the American lines.

André then purchased a position as captain and become Gen. Charles Grey’s aide. He became known for behaving ruthlessly and aggressively on the battlefield.
In 1778 André joined the staff of Henry Clinton, Gen. Howe’s replacement. Clinton made him head of intelligence in April 1779. André successfully kept track of intelligence from American deserters and British prisoners who had escaped or were exchanged. André’s most famous success was the treachery of Benedict Arnold. As a result, Clinton promoted André rapidly, from deputy to adjutant general in October 1779.

Yet Benedict Arnold was also André’s downfall. Three American militiamen captured André, who was dressed in civilian clothes with a treasonous letter from Clinton to Arnold in his shoe. André was tried by court martial. Found guilty, he begged George Washington to shoot him as a gentleman instead of hanging him as a spy. Nevertheless, he was hanged as a spy in Tappan, New York on October 2, 1780.

“This Week in History” is a feature on the Command History Office website.

Those with Army Knowledge Online access can go to https://ikn.army.mil/apps/mi_history/.




All of this week's top headlines to your email every Friday.


 
 

 
square

A local take on America’s PrepareAthon!

Over the month of April events have been taking place nationwide to help ensure America’s preparedness in the event of an emergency. America’s PrepareAthon is a grassroots movement that highlights the importance of prepared...
 
 
Stephanie Caffall

Second ‘Take Back Night’ hosted at Cochise College

Stephanie Caffall Rick Mueller, mayor, City of Sierra Vista, spoke at the Take Back the Night event and encouraged the community to put an end to sexual assault and harassment. Fort Huachuca and the Sierra Vista community joine...
 
 

BLUE BORDER MESSAGE / SEXUAL ASSAULT CASE COMPLETED

At a court martial on 25 March 2015, a Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army, was tried for committing sexual acts on multiple occasions by causing bodily harm. The 2LT pled not guilty, but was found guilty to the charge of sexual assault. On 27 March 2015, the 2LT was sentenced to a dismissal. The sexual assault...
 

 
Stephanie Caffall

Installation Retirement Ceremony honors retirees

Stephanie Caffall Fourteen Soldiers, one Department of Army Civilian and their guests await the formal recognition portion of the Installation Retirement Ceremony Friday on Brown Parade Field. Fort Huachuca honored 14 Soldiers ...
 
 
Natalie Lakosil

Holocaust Remembrance Day Observance reminds crowd of valuable lessons

Natalie Lakosil Lily Brull, Holocaust survivor, receives a poem, flowers and homemade Challah bread from Malachi, 4, and Kayalynn Fiddes, 8, after speaking about her experience as a Holocaust survivor. Lily Brull was only 10 ye...
 
 
U.S. Army photo

Military Intelligence – Moment in MI history

U.S., Britain agree to share communications intelligence U.S. Army photo Maj. Melvin C. Helfers evaluated ULTRA, or Special Intelligence, and presented it to Gen. George Patton. The BRUSA Agreement severely restricted access to...
 




0 Comments


Be the first to comment!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>


Directory powered by Business Directory Plugin