Health & Safety

July 12, 2013

Prevent heat or sun injuries, even outside of high-heat hours

From left, Soldiers from Company B, 213th Aviation Battalion, Staff Sgt. Vincent Maurer, Staff Sgt. Jose Flores and Sgt. 1st Class John Pecic, cool off in the shade and rehydrate after completing physical training at Barnes Field House. Fitness experts recommend drinking water before, during and after physical exercise to prevent dehydration.

Whether it is fun in the sun, household chores or outside work duties, the southern Arizona sun doesn’t always cooperate in people’s favor.

The best defense to prevent a heat or sun related injury, during work or play, is prevention and awareness of the signs and symptoms when an injury may be occurring.

Consider the heat category, exertion level, acclimatization and exposure time while spending time outdoors. Adjusting or controlling these factors will reduce the chance of heat or sun injuries.

Fort Huachuca and the surrounding communities are at a higher elevation, which puts people in this area closer to the sun than those at lower elevations. Protect yourself by applying sunscreen with a sun protection factor rated 30 or higher 30 minutes before exposure to the sun and reapply every two hours throughout the day.

Wear a wide-brimmed hat to protect the eyes, head and neck, and lightweight clothing that cover the arms, legs and torso.

Wear wraparound eyewear to prevent direct contact with the sun’s ultraviolet rays. Those who wear daily eyeglasses should use transitional lenses to protect the eyes.

When possible, work and rest in the shade. Create a shaded area with a canopy or open tent. Dan Orta, Fort Huachuca’s installation safety director, explained that the sun is the strongest between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. but it is still harmful outside of that time span. “In most cases, even [4 p.m.] is still hot … I would say to take it a little bit further, at least to [6 p.m.],” he said.

If experiencing skin rashes or sunburn, seek medical attention.

Hydration is extremely important in high heat categories. Monitor and enforce frequent hydration, according to the “Fluid Replacement and Work/Rest Guide” found at http://phc.amedd.army.mil. Encourage frequent hydration, however, do not exceed 1.5 quarts of fluid per hour.

Hydration levels can be assessed by the amount, color and concentration of urine. Low volumes of dark, concentrated urine may indicate a need for immediate re-hydration.

Avoid caffeine and alcoholic beverages, especially when performing intense activity. These liquids make the body lose water and increase the risk of heat injuries. Do not wait until you are thirsty to drink water.

Heat cramps, exhaustion and stroke are common forms of heat related injuries.

Heat cramps are painful muscle contractions caused by a loss of body salt through excessive sweating and dehydration. Stretching and replacing fluids and electrolytes can relieve them.

Heat exhaustion can occur when the body produces more heat than it can release. Signs of heat exhaustion include weakness, headaches, extreme fatigue, nausea and wet, clammy skin.

Those who experience or notice any of these signs or symptoms should stop all physical activity and rest in a shaded area. Take small sips of water and call 911.

A heat stroke, the most dangerous heat injury, is caused by the body’s inability to maintain control of its heat. Symptoms include a decrease or stoppage of sweating, a rise in body temperature, convulsions, and the most common sign, a change in mental status.

Those who notice any of these symptoms in another person should immediately call 911, lay the individual down in a shaded area and elevate their feet. To lower their body temperature, undress them as much as possible, apply ice packs to their body, pour cool water on them, and fan them.

If they are conscious, give them small sips of water. Monitor their airway and breathing until an ambulance arrives. Brain damage and death could result if treatment is delayed, so take action quickly but calmly.

“Heat injuries can also be caused due to[two to three] cumulative days of being exposed to high temperatures,” Orta said. “One way to avoid this is by ensuring you get plenty of rest the day before training or working outdoors and try not to work outdoors continuously.”

For those new to the Arizona weather, Orta recommends people ease into the change of weather. Those who are not used to the sun and arid climate should allow 10 – 14 days to become adequately acclimated.

For more information on heat and sun injuries, refer to the U.S. Army Public Health Command website, http://phc.amedd.army.mil/Pages/default.aspx, or contact the Installation Safety Office, 533.3697.

53_CP-033-0811-WORK-REST-WATER




All of this week's top headlines to your email every Friday.


 
 

 
#2-POW-Interrogation-of-VC-prisoner-copy

Military Intelligence – Moment in MI history

Lt. John McEnery and Staff Sgt. Nguyen Hoang Phuong, interpreter, with the 191st MI Detachment, 1st Air Cavalry Division, interrogate a Viet Cong prisoner in 1966. Intelligence Force had role in Vietnam conflict Prior to the co...
 
 
DoD
Air-Force

Air Force: WWII pilot reunited with P-47

Retired Air National Guard Chief Warrant Officer 2 Robert Hertel, receives a Heritage Flight patch from Tom Gregory, P-47 Thunderbolt HF pilot during the Heritage Flight Training and Certification Course Saturday at Davis-Month...
 
 
DoD

Air Force: 2015 Total-Force Climate Survey slated for March

JOINT BASE SAN ANTONIO-RANDOLPH, Texas (AFNS) — Total-force Airmen will have an opportunity to express their opinions to Air Force leadership during the 2015 Total Force Climate Survey, slated for March 13 – April 27. “The purpose of the survey is to assess the opinions and perceptions of Air Force active-duty, Air National Guard, Air...
 

 
309th8krun2_22815_lakosil

309th MI Bn. run brings community together

All participants take a moment to pause while “The Star-Spangled Banner” plays before the race begins on Saturday morning.   Despite strong winds on Saturday morning, more than 190 racers came out to participate in the...
 
 

News Briefs – March 6, 2015

Safety Office issues Product Safety Recalls Fort Huachuca Safety Office personnel are notifying the post community of the following Product Safety Recalls issued by the Consumer Product Safety Commission at www.cspc.gov. This week the following recalls went into effect: Fanimation recalls Brewmaster Ceiling Fans due to risk of injury; Kenmore Electric Ranges recalled by Electrolux...
 
 

FMWR Briefs – March 6, 2015

Don’t miss this weekend’s rodeo Saturday and Sunday, FMWR, the Sierra Vista Riding Club and Cochise College will host the Cochise College Rodeo at Wren Arena on post. Gates open at noon and the rodeo will start at 1 p.m. both days. Sunday, Exceptional Rodeo will start at 10 a.m., followed by Cowboy Church at...
 




0 Comments


Be the first to comment!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>


Directory powered by Business Directory Plugin