Army

August 9, 2013

Military Intelligence – this week in history

Deployed INSCOM Soldiers post Iraqi positions during Operation Desert Shield.

 

Aug. 8, 1990

On Aug. 2, 1990, Iraqi President Saddam Hussein ordered three of his heavy divisions of Iraqi Republican Guards to invade Kuwait, gambling that the United States and the United Nations would not try to stop him.

He was wrong. On Aug. 7, President George Herbert Walker Bush ordered the organization of Operation Desert Shield, authorizing a dramatic increase of U.S. troops and resources in the Persian Gulf. The very next day, a three-man cell of technical intelligence specialists from the 513th Military Intelligence Brigade deployed with XVIII Airborne Corps to Saudi Arabia.

The 513th MI Brigade is a subordinate command of the US Army Intelligence and Security Command, or INSCOM. It deploys in strength or in tailored elements to conduct multidiscipline intelligence and security operations in support of Army components of U.S. Central Command, or CENTCOM, and theater Army commanders.

During the early stages of Desert Shield, the 513th Soldiers provided CENTCOM with critical intelligence such as terrain analysis that assured the desert area around Kuwait was trafficable by Army vehicles. This information allowed CENTCOM to focus on rushing its combat elements to Saudi Arabia to thwart any further Iraqi expansion.

With the combat force stabilized, the 513th was able to deploy its full range of intelligence assets, including an operations battalion to help staff the CENTCOM Intelligence Operations Center. Intelligence units from Germany and reservists from the United States were “lifted and shifted” by INSCOM to support the battlefield.

Desert Shield and Desert Storm became the testing ground for a number of new systems: the Sandcrab jammer provided electronic warfare support, an improvised Trojan Spirit system established secure intelligence communications links, and the enhanced Trackwolf provided high frequency direction-finding capability. New developments in satellite technology allowed the forward-deployed intelligence support elements to “reach back” and exploit databases located in Europe, the U.S., or other secure areas. Pioneer unmanned Aerial Vehicles received their first combat deployment, and INSCOM personnel also helped man the Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System, or J-STARS, during its first deployment.

All of these systems were ready to go on Jan. 16, 1991, when a multi-nation force launched Operation Desert Storm – an air campaign which was followed weeks later by a successful ground assault. The success of the intelligence operation during this conflict was best stated by a captured Iraqi officer:

“We had a great appreciation of your intelligence system; we knew from our experience in the Iranian War that at all times you could see us during day and night and knew where we were on the ground. If we communicated, you could both hear and target us … On the other hand, as we looked at our intelligence system, we had no idea where you were on the ground, we had no intelligence system capabilities to see what your dispositions were, and we had no way to monitor your communications. We knew you were going to attack only when you overran our front line positions …”

Throughout Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, INSCOM’s 513th MI Brigade served as the principal intelligence and security element in support of the Army Central Command. During this first Persian Gulf War, the brigade fulfilled its wartime mission by providing full-spectrum intelligence support to CENTCOM, winning three Southwest Asian Service battle streamers.

 




All of this week's top headlines to your email every Friday.


 
 

 
Gabrielle Kuholski

Antiterrorism Exercise assesses installation readiness, reinforces important relationships

Gabrielle Kuholski First responders with the Fort Huachuca and Whetstone Fire Departments work together to get a wounded Soldier into an ambulance during the full scale exercise, Apache Warrior 2013, Tuesday. These first respon...
 
 

Labor Day Safety Message

Labor Day marks the traditional end of the summer season and celebrates the American worker and the contributions they make to our great country. I want to commend you on your efforts to control heat injuries through another hot summer. Your diligence and care for teammates contributed to an overall 20-percent decrease in accident fatalities...
 
 
Gabrielle Kuholski

VA clinical psychologist raises military sexual trauma awareness

Gabrielle Kuholski Michael Moore, Ph.D., military sexual trauma coordinator at the Southern Arizona Veterans Affairs Health Care System in Tucson, presents a session on military sexual trauma, or MST, in the Murr Community Cent...
 

 

Glass recycling now available in Sierra Vista

SIERRA VISTA – Clean glass bottles and jars can be dropped off for recycling at the new Sierra Vista Glass Recycling Depot as part of the city’s trial glass recycling project. The Glass Recycling Depot, located in the parking lot of the Pedro Castro Government Maintenance Center, is a glass collection point that is separate...
 
 
Maranda Flynn

FH Community Spouses’ Club accepting new members, shares plans for coming year

Maranda Flynn Fort Huachuca Community Spouses’ Club board members, Katrina LaDue and Lesley Hocker, (left foreground and background), assist new club members, Dana Edwards and Sandi Weishaupt, (right foreground and background...
 
 

Retiree Council shares news, notes Did you forget to care for your Family?

No one forgets to care for his or her Family on purpose. It just happens – more often than one might think when it comes to the military Survivor Benefit Plan, or SBP. Most often, retired Soldiers don’t know the federal law and the time limits it imposes on maintaining their SBP elections. If a...
 




0 Comments


Be the first to comment!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>


Directory powered by Business Directory Plugin