Health & Safety

September 6, 2013

Maintain bicycles at home for smooth, safe ride

IMG_3852b
 

Southeast Arizona is considered one of the prime locations in the United States for street and mountain biking. Cooler temperatures and monsoon’s end will soon bring bikers out in greater numbers. Before prime biking weather sets in, bikers should give their bicycles some TLC for smoother, safer rides with minimal breakdowns or flat tires.

With modern bicycles, maintenance should be considered a critical part of the overall riding experience. The latest bicycle designs have up to 30 speeds, indexed shifting and integrated brake/shift levers.

Home bicycle maintenance requires a portable bicycle repair stand, specific tools and a tire pump. Park Tool Company (www.parktool.com) is among other online sites where riders can find specific tools for bicycle maintenance.

Before starting any maintenance, perform a light bicycle cleanup. Use a damp cloth to remove road and trail grime from the frame, fork, rims, derailleurs, crank arms, brakes, stem and handlebar. This allows a rider to work on a bicycle without getting dirty.

Before each ride, check tire pressure. Inflate tires to the recommended air pressure listed on the tire. Inspect tires for cuts, thorns and uneven wear. Replace worn-out tires quickly to avoid tire failures during a bicycle ride. Also, when changing out tires, replace the tube.

Brake adjustments are important for quality stops. Adjust brake pads close to the rim without touching the rim during wheel rotation. In addition, adjust brake cables for minimal slack. Inspect brake pads for wear and replace as needed.

Clean tire rims with a cloth soaked in dish soap, then rinse and dry. This will remove road and trail grime from the rims, as grime interferes with stopping power.

Bicycle chains require proper lubrication to function correctly. Use a bicycle-specific chain lube regularly. In general, lubricate the chain whenever it starts to make noise during shifting. The best way to apply lubricant is to apply one drop of lube to each rivet/bushing. Be careful — over-lubrication will attract dirt.

Gear-shifting adjustments can be difficult and require two steps. The first is to adjust the derailleur’s limit stop-screws. These stop screws are labeled “H” (high) and “L” (low). Adjust limit stop-screws on the front derailleur when the chain is shifting past the smallest or largest chainwheel. For the rear derailleur, adjust limit stop-screws when the chain is shifting past the smallest or largest sprocket.

The second step is adjusting the shift indexing. Each index stop corresponds to one position of the derailleur. The indexing adjustment is an adjusting barrel located at one end of a length of cable controlling the derailleur. If needed, adjust the cable tension for proper shifting between gears.

This article covers only basic bicycle maintenance. Additional bicycle maintenance information can be found online. In addition, the Internet has free how-to maintenance videos. For complex bicycle repairs or complete overhauls, a rider may need to visit a local bicycle shop.

 




All of this week's top headlines to your email every Friday.


 
 

 
Mike Williams

Flooding still underway this year — avoid water runoff problems

Mike Williams Runoff crosses the road during a monsoon storm. Remember to stay safe, and if you see even a small amount of water crossing the roadway, remember to ‘Turn Around, Don’t Drown!’ While rain in a desert climate...
 
 

Antiterrorism Awareness Month: Army community must stay alert

WASHINGTON — A suspicious package arrives in the mail. An employee is acting erratically. A group is seen surveying an Army installation. A social media contact you’ve never met has taken a keen interest in your unit’s movements. The Army community needs to be aware of their surroundings and report anything that seems out of...
 
 

2014 Antiterrorism Awareness Message

What are the dangers which menace us? If any exist they ought to be ascertained and guarded against. ~ James Monroe, 1st Inaugural Address, March 4, 1817 August marks the Army’s fifth annual observance of Antiterrorism Awareness Month. Each year, we improve our defenses through increased threat awareness and organizational and individual protection measures. Throughout...
 

 
U.S. Army photo

New Army PT uniforms result of Soldier feedback

U.S. Army photo Capt. Leala McCollum poses in the Army Physical Fitness Uniform running jacket and pants. WASHINGTON — A new Army Physical Fitness Uniform will become available service-wide, beginning in October next year. It...
 
 

How Office of Soldiers’ Counsel can assist with disability proceedings

The Office of Soldiers’ Counsel, OSC, is an organization of judge advocates and Civilian attorneys/paralegals spread out over 30 locations worldwide, with roughly 200 attorneys and paralegals. The organization has representatives ready to assist Soldiers throughout their disability process, with specific counsel for the Medical Evaluation Board, MEB, stage of their case, and other counsel...
 
 
Maranda Flynn

Fort holds memorial ceremony for recently retired FH police chief

Maranda Flynn Andrew and Lisa Shears carry the remains of Ollie James Shears, the recently retired chief of police with Fort Huachuca’s Directorate of Emergency Services, into the Main Post Chapel, Fort Huachuca, Aug. 8, for ...
 




0 Comments


Be the first to comment!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>


Directory powered by Business Directory Plugin