Health & Safety

September 6, 2013

Maintain bicycles at home for smooth, safe ride

IMG_3852b
 

Southeast Arizona is considered one of the prime locations in the United States for street and mountain biking. Cooler temperatures and monsoon’s end will soon bring bikers out in greater numbers. Before prime biking weather sets in, bikers should give their bicycles some TLC for smoother, safer rides with minimal breakdowns or flat tires.

With modern bicycles, maintenance should be considered a critical part of the overall riding experience. The latest bicycle designs have up to 30 speeds, indexed shifting and integrated brake/shift levers.

Home bicycle maintenance requires a portable bicycle repair stand, specific tools and a tire pump. Park Tool Company (www.parktool.com) is among other online sites where riders can find specific tools for bicycle maintenance.

Before starting any maintenance, perform a light bicycle cleanup. Use a damp cloth to remove road and trail grime from the frame, fork, rims, derailleurs, crank arms, brakes, stem and handlebar. This allows a rider to work on a bicycle without getting dirty.

Before each ride, check tire pressure. Inflate tires to the recommended air pressure listed on the tire. Inspect tires for cuts, thorns and uneven wear. Replace worn-out tires quickly to avoid tire failures during a bicycle ride. Also, when changing out tires, replace the tube.

Brake adjustments are important for quality stops. Adjust brake pads close to the rim without touching the rim during wheel rotation. In addition, adjust brake cables for minimal slack. Inspect brake pads for wear and replace as needed.

Clean tire rims with a cloth soaked in dish soap, then rinse and dry. This will remove road and trail grime from the rims, as grime interferes with stopping power.

Bicycle chains require proper lubrication to function correctly. Use a bicycle-specific chain lube regularly. In general, lubricate the chain whenever it starts to make noise during shifting. The best way to apply lubricant is to apply one drop of lube to each rivet/bushing. Be careful — over-lubrication will attract dirt.

Gear-shifting adjustments can be difficult and require two steps. The first is to adjust the derailleur’s limit stop-screws. These stop screws are labeled “H” (high) and “L” (low). Adjust limit stop-screws on the front derailleur when the chain is shifting past the smallest or largest chainwheel. For the rear derailleur, adjust limit stop-screws when the chain is shifting past the smallest or largest sprocket.

The second step is adjusting the shift indexing. Each index stop corresponds to one position of the derailleur. The indexing adjustment is an adjusting barrel located at one end of a length of cable controlling the derailleur. If needed, adjust the cable tension for proper shifting between gears.

This article covers only basic bicycle maintenance. Additional bicycle maintenance information can be found online. In addition, the Internet has free how-to maintenance videos. For complex bicycle repairs or complete overhauls, a rider may need to visit a local bicycle shop.

 




All of this week's top headlines to your email every Friday.


 
 

 

Avoid becoming a DUI statistic over coming holidays

As Soldiers prepare for holiday block leave and Families plan their festive holiday gatherings, Army Substance Abuse Program personnel remind Soldiers, Civilians and the community that drunk or drugged driving can be a lethal combination with disastrous consequences, even death. In Arizona, if a person driving is impaired to the slightest degree, he or she...
 
 
Ordnance-2

Mortar located, disposed of properly on FH

An explosive ordnance disposal team from Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Tucson, safely detonated a World War II-era 81mm mortar on Tuesday at 10:43 a.m. in Area H, Slaughterhouse Wash, at the end of the Libby Army Airfield runwa...
 
 
Courtesy photo

Prevent weight gain during holiday season

Courtesy photo Replacing high calorie buffet items with some festive lower calorie ones will help prevent packing on the pounds over the holidays. One of the most common weight management challenges for Americans every year is ...
 

 

THANKSGIVING DAY SAFETY MESSAGE

Thanksgiving is a day set aside to pause, reflect and give thanks for the gifts of peace, freedom and opportunity we share as Americans. Holiday weekends provide a well-earned respite from work and an opportunity for travel to visit Family and friends. However, increased travel means increased exposure to the hazards associated with heavy holiday...
 
 

Baby, it’s cold outside — time to heat things up

Within the past few weeks, the normally warm Arizona heat has done an about-face — suddenly it’s cold outside. Often people’s homes or office spaces are not heated to their liking so they use portable heaters to be more comfortable. Sometimes Families use fireplaces to help take the edge off of the cold in the...
 
 

FH Retiree Council shares news, notes

Peer support line helps veterans Since 2010, the Vets4Warriors Peer Support Line has provided service members confidential, peer-to-peer support. The Peer Support Line was built on the concept that Service members prefer to seek help from someone who has also served and understands their challenges. Vets4Warriors, which will soon change its name to the Military...
 




0 Comments


Be the first to comment!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>


Directory powered by Business Directory Plugin