Health & Safety

September 6, 2013

Maintain bicycles at home for smooth, safe ride

IMG_3852b
 

Southeast Arizona is considered one of the prime locations in the United States for street and mountain biking. Cooler temperatures and monsoon’s end will soon bring bikers out in greater numbers. Before prime biking weather sets in, bikers should give their bicycles some TLC for smoother, safer rides with minimal breakdowns or flat tires.

With modern bicycles, maintenance should be considered a critical part of the overall riding experience. The latest bicycle designs have up to 30 speeds, indexed shifting and integrated brake/shift levers.

Home bicycle maintenance requires a portable bicycle repair stand, specific tools and a tire pump. Park Tool Company (www.parktool.com) is among other online sites where riders can find specific tools for bicycle maintenance.

Before starting any maintenance, perform a light bicycle cleanup. Use a damp cloth to remove road and trail grime from the frame, fork, rims, derailleurs, crank arms, brakes, stem and handlebar. This allows a rider to work on a bicycle without getting dirty.

Before each ride, check tire pressure. Inflate tires to the recommended air pressure listed on the tire. Inspect tires for cuts, thorns and uneven wear. Replace worn-out tires quickly to avoid tire failures during a bicycle ride. Also, when changing out tires, replace the tube.

Brake adjustments are important for quality stops. Adjust brake pads close to the rim without touching the rim during wheel rotation. In addition, adjust brake cables for minimal slack. Inspect brake pads for wear and replace as needed.

Clean tire rims with a cloth soaked in dish soap, then rinse and dry. This will remove road and trail grime from the rims, as grime interferes with stopping power.

Bicycle chains require proper lubrication to function correctly. Use a bicycle-specific chain lube regularly. In general, lubricate the chain whenever it starts to make noise during shifting. The best way to apply lubricant is to apply one drop of lube to each rivet/bushing. Be careful — over-lubrication will attract dirt.

Gear-shifting adjustments can be difficult and require two steps. The first is to adjust the derailleur’s limit stop-screws. These stop screws are labeled “H” (high) and “L” (low). Adjust limit stop-screws on the front derailleur when the chain is shifting past the smallest or largest chainwheel. For the rear derailleur, adjust limit stop-screws when the chain is shifting past the smallest or largest sprocket.

The second step is adjusting the shift indexing. Each index stop corresponds to one position of the derailleur. The indexing adjustment is an adjusting barrel located at one end of a length of cable controlling the derailleur. If needed, adjust the cable tension for proper shifting between gears.

This article covers only basic bicycle maintenance. Additional bicycle maintenance information can be found online. In addition, the Internet has free how-to maintenance videos. For complex bicycle repairs or complete overhauls, a rider may need to visit a local bicycle shop.

 




All of this week's top headlines to your email every Friday.


 
 

 
Courtesy photo by United Kingdom Ministry of Defense

Army researchers develop pocket-sized aerial surveillance device

Courtesy photo by United Kingdom Ministry of Defense A British Soldier holds a Prox Dynamics’ PD-100 Black Hornet, a palm-sized miniature helicopter weighing only 16 grams. Researchers with the U.S. Army Natick Soldier Resear...
 
 

Active duty Service members must change Roth TSP contributions

GRAFENWOEHR, Germany — Active duty members of the Army, Air Force or Navy making dollar-amount Roth contributions to a Thrift Savings Plan account should know that these deductions will stop on Jan. 31, unless action is taken. “The Roth [Thrift Savings Plan] contributions are going from a dollar figure to a percentage of pay,” said...
 
 

THANKSGIVING DAY SAFETY MESSAGE

Thanksgiving is a day set aside to pause, reflect and give thanks for the gifts of peace, freedom and opportunity we share as Americans. Holiday weekends provide a well-earned respite from work and an opportunity for travel to visit Family and friends. However, increased travel means increased exposure to the hazards associated with heavy holiday...
 

 
Defense Commissary Agency

Commissary Value Brand returns for more savings

Defense Commissary Agency Starting in December, the Fort Huachuca Commissary will add Commissary Value Brands to its shelves. FORT LEE, Va. – In response to growing patron demand for products comparable to the low-cost privat...
 
 

FH visitors, Civilian workers can dine at Exchange facilities

At military installations across the globe, the Army & Air Force Exchange Service provides a taste of home to Soldiers, Airmen and their Families. While rules governing who can buy merchandise at exchanges often apply to a select few, anyone can dine in exchange restaurants or pick up grab-and-go fare from Express locations. The Fort...
 
 

Chapel serves up community generosity

From left, Staff Sgt. Daniel Carnaghi, 62nd Army Band; Chaplain (Lt. Col.-P) Kim Norwood, senior Garrison chaplain; his wife, Cindy Norwood; Jo Moore, Outreach Ministries coordinator; and Spc. Benjamin Sepulveda, Main Post Chapel chaplain’s assistant, prepare to distribute turkeys to Fort Huachuca Families in need Thursday at the Main Post Chapel. Thanks to generous donations...
 




0 Comments


Be the first to comment!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>


Directory powered by Business Directory Plugin