Army

September 6, 2013

Military Intelligence – this week in history: September 6

Tags:
Ruth Quinn, Staff Historian
USAICoE Command History Office

Army Intelligence Center established at Fort Holabird, Md.

This was the entrance of the Army Intelligence School at Fort Holabird, Md., in 1957.

Sept. 1, 1954
In the years following World War II, the Army’s intelligence organizations were divided into the assistant chief of staff for Intelligence (previously the Military Intelligence Division, or MID), the Army Security Agency, or ASA, with its headquarters at Arlington Hall, Va, and the Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC) Center, headquartered at Fort Holabird, Md. While the ASA maintained operational control over signals intelligence collection assets worldwide, the CIC Center was largely an administrative and training organization.

When the Korean War broke out, ASA and CIC Center personnel found themselves scrambling to put together organizations of intelligence assets to support the theater of operations. Since there was no active duty Military Intelligence Branch at the time, trained specialists were hard to find and even harder to retain, as those who had experience were only detailed to work in intelligence while holding other primary specialties. In addition, the skills that were taught at the CIC School were specific to counterintelligence. The Army needed to professionalize its human intelligence collection capability without diverting trained CIC agents to do that work.

The lessons learned during Korea caused the Army to take corrective action. First, in June 1953, the Army’s assistant chief of staff for Intelligence, or ACSI, recommended the creation of an intelligence board that would consolidate in one location an intelligence school, a field intelligence center and the intelligence units that were in the Army’s reserve forces. Fort Holabird, with its CIC School and Center and counterintelligence records facility seemed the logical site.

The Army had been training CI personnel at Fort Holabird since 1945. However, in 1954, the mission of the CIC School expanded to include Field Operations Intelligence training in order to fulfill the Army’s new mission of training a human intelligence collection capability. The records facility, which contained all of the Army’s counterintelligence files, was moved under the command of the CIC Center soon thereafter.

On Sept. 1, 1954, the ACSI officially redesignated the CIC Center as the Army Intelligence Center, and the chief of the Counter Intelligence Corps became its commanding general. The following year, the Intelligence Center expanded further with the addition of the Photo Interpretation Center. Additionally, combat intelligence training, including order of battle techniques, photo interpretation, prisoner of war interrogation and censorship, was transferred from the Army General School at Fort Riley, Kan., to Fort Holabird, giving the commanding general the additional title of commandant, U.S. Army Intelligence School.

This arrangement centralized nearly all intelligence training at the U.S. Army Intelligence Center and School, Fort Holabird. The Intelligence Center and School remained at Fort Holabird until overcrowding during the Vietnam War forced its relocation to Fort Huachuca, which became the “Home of Military Intelligence” on March 23, 1971, and the last class graduated from Fort Holabird on Sept. 2, 1971, nearly 17 years to the day after the Army Intelligence Center was established there.




All of this week's top headlines to your email every Friday.


 
 

 
Maranda Flynn

Sergeant Major of the Army talks Fort Huachuca’s leadership, success in Army’s future

Maranda Flynn Sgt. Maj. of the Army Raymond Chandler III speaks to Fort Huachuca, Ariz. Soldiers about battle buddy safety during a town hall meeting held at Cochise Theater, Aug. 20. As force reduction kicks into gear, Soldier...
 
 

Celebrating Women’s Equality Day — 2014

The Nation’s Annual Observance of Women’s Equality Day commemorates the addition of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution, which guarantees women the right to vote. This victory moved our Nation forward on the path towards equal civil and political rights for all Americans. The roles of women in the Army have changed dramatically since 1775....
 
 
Courtesy of the International Military Student Office

IMSO plays integral part in international students’ lives here

Courtesy of the International Military Student Office International military students meet U.S. Representative Ron Barber while taking a week-long trip to Washington D.C. The trip was organized by the International Military Stu...
 

 

New 35Q course offered at Fort Huachuca NCOA

The new Cryptologic Network Warfare Analyst Advanced Leader Course, ALC, resumed its second cycle of classes this month at the Noncommissioned Officer Academy, NCOA. The 288-hour, small group-led ALC prepares noncommissioned officers to assume supervisory roles in cyber analysis and operation elements. Upon completion, Soldiers should be able to apply critical thinking while supervising and...
 
 
Lisa Ferdinando

Army focuses on good energy stewardship to protect mission

Lisa Ferdinando Katherine Hammack, assistant secretary of the Army for Installations, Energy and Environment, speaks at a panel discussion in Washington, D.C., April 10, 2013. WASHINGTON — The Army is focused on being a good ...
 
 

Under Secretary challenges Army senior leaders to revamp Civilian career management

ARLINGTON, Va. — During a two-day session at the Pentagon last month, approximately 30 members of the Senior Executive Service, or SES, gathered to discuss how to improve Civilian career development. Army Under Secretary Brad Carson hosted the event, which was meant to help shape policy changes regarding how the Army hires, trains, develops and...
 




0 Comments


Be the first to comment!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>


Directory powered by Business Directory Plugin