Army

December 20, 2013

Military Intelligence – this week in history

Tags:
Lori Tagg
USAICoE Command Historian

CIC Detachment organized for Manhattan Project

Col. John Lansdale, Jr., was a civilian lawyer and Army reservist who requested a call to active duty with the War Department’s Military Intelligence Division. He served as the director of Intelligence and Security for the Manhattan Project from 1941 – 1946.

Dec. 18, 1943
The United States program to develop the atomic bomb began in August 1942. From the beginning, the need for security was recognized as paramount. The project had to be protected from sabotage and espionage and, equally important, the fact that the U.S. was working on such a program had to be kept under wraps at all cost.

Early on, a Protective Security Section, or PSS, was established for personnel and information security, facility protection and security education. Maj. John Lansdale, of the Military Intelligence Division, or MID, acted as a liaison between the PSS and the assistant chief of staff, Intelligence, on the War Department general staff.

By February 1943, a more comprehensive counterintelligence program was warranted and Counter Intelligence Corps, or CIC, agents Capt. Horace Calvert and Capt. Robert McLeod were assigned to the Manhattan Engineer District, or MED, to organize the Intelligence Section.

More CIC personnel followed, with agents stationed at the Clinton Engineer Works, Chicago, St. Louis, Site Y (Los Alamos, N.M.), and Berkeley, Calif.

By August 1943, the Intelligence Section merged with the PSS and moved to Oak Ridge, Tenn. At this time, it assumed responsibility for every aspect of security within the MED.

Finally, on Dec. 18, 1943, a CIC Detachment was organized specifically for this work. The Detachment was comprised of 25 officers and 137 enlisted agents, each one hand-picked by Calvert and McLeod.

The final piece fell into place on Jan. 7, 1944, when now Lt. Col. Lansdale transferred from the MID to the CIC Detachment to become special assistant to Gen. Leslie Groves, chief of the MED.

Lansdale assumed full responsibility for all intelligence and security matters affecting the
district. In addition to preventing unintentional disclosure of information and infiltration by enemy agents, Lansdale’s operation included preventing fires and explosions, monitoring courier duties, protecting classified shipments, educating personnel about security importance and measures, obtaining newspaper cooperation and conducting background investigations.

Over the next year, the detachment continued to grow. By January 1945, it included 148 officers and 161 enlisted agents. This included non-CIC military personnel with specific technical abilities critical to the security of the program.

Detachment Headquarters was centralized at Oak Ridge, but personnel were placed on detached service within 11 branch offices around the nation. At times, these agents were so highly classified that they were referred to by code symbols and only the finance officer computing the pay of the agent knew his exact location.

After the war, the functions of intelligence and security were separated. The area engineer assumed responsibility for all production security, shipment security, personnel clearances, security education and minor security violations. An intelligence unit had responsibility for conducting investigations of subversive allegations against personnel, sabotage, and safeguarding military information violations.

The procedures put in place by Lansdale and his CIC Detachment led to the successful protection of the atomic bomb program, later called the “War’s Best Kept Secret.”




All of this week's top headlines to your email every Friday.


 
 

 

Arizona targets teen tobacco use with comedy, online video

Arizona’s health department has upped the ante on its anti-tobacco messaging to teens. The weapon of choice? A staple of modern-day social life: humorous online video clips shared on social media. Through its anti-smoking youth coalition, called Students Taking a New Direction, (STAND), Arizona Department of Health Services, AZDHS, is reaching out to teens using...
 
 
DentalClinic3_022715_Caffall

Runion Dental Clinic serves Fort Huachuca active-duty Soldiers

Katy Doherty, dental hygienist, and Dr. Gregory Shipman, dentist, work on a Soldier’s mouth at Runion Dental Clinic. To make an appointment, contact the clinic at 520.533.3147. Fort Huachuca’s Runion Dental Clinic provides ...
 
 
DoD
Airman 1st Class Tyler Prince

DOD seeks novel ideas to shape its technological future

Airman 1st Class Tyler Prince An Air Force KC-135 Stratotanker refueling aircraft from the 909th Air Refueling Squadron refuels an Air Force E-8C Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft Jan. 29, 2013. WASHINGTON — Th...
 

 

Capabilities must match future threats, Army leader says

WASHINGTON — Success in future armed conflict boils down to ensuring the capabilities put in place today can match the threats of the future, deputy commanding general for futures, U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command, said here Tuesday. Army Lt. Gen. H.R. McMaster, who also serves as director of Army Capabilities Integration Center, told the...
 
 
DoD

‘Frozen Food Month’ brings commissary savings

FORT LEE, Va. — Savings on frozen food items highlighted by specially decorated frozen food departments can mean only one thing for commissary shoppers. It’s March — frozen food month. “Our customers love Frozen Food Month,” said Tracie Russ, the Defense Commissary Agency’s sales director. “They have good reasons to stock up on frozen foods...
 
 

News Briefs – February 27, 2015

Exchange helps drivers with disabilities get gas The Fort Huachuca Exchange added a new system to gas stations on Fort Huachuca to make it easier for drivers with disabilities. FuelCall lets disabled drivers contact associates inside the store for assistance at the pump. The call button can be reached through the driver’s side window, so...
 




0 Comments


Be the first to comment!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>


Directory powered by Business Directory Plugin