Air Force

November 15, 2013

This week in history

Tags:
Rick Griset
56th Fighter Wing History office

1918: The war to end all wars

The Armistice, the peace treaty that ended The Great War, was signed in a railroad car outside Versailles, France, at 11 a.m. Nov. 11, 1918.

The armistice to end World War I went into effect 95 years ago this week at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918. Germany and its enemies signed the document earlier that morning in a passenger railcar near Compiègne, France. So ended what President Wilson once called the “War to End All Wars.”

The German armistice was the last of four armistices signed independently by the Central Powers. In September 1918, Bulgaria capitulated first, followed the next month by the Ottoman Empire. The Austrians signed a truce Nov. 3. The armistices held until the combatants signed the Treaty of Versailles on June 28, 1919.

World War I changed the world. It started in the summer of 1914, after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. The war resulted in the mobilization of more than 70 million military personnel. More than 30 million were killed, seriously wounded or declared missing in action. Besides the military men killed and injured, untold millions of civilians died from combat, disease and starvation. The Russian, Ottoman, German and Austro-Hungarian empires fell due to the war. The war also signaled the beginning of the end for the British Royal Navy. The war spawned the Lost Generation, made up of disillusioned writers and artists. It generated great advances in technology, especially in aircraft. Airpower tactics went from combatants waving at each other to aces who invented the Immelmann, Lufbery and Chandelle, to name a few maneuvers. Airpower theory went from solo pilots to the V-formation and massed formation attacks.

Nations took different lessons from the war. The British and the United States air arms came to think that the future of war was massed bomber attacks. The British Navy continued to believe the battleship would be the queen of battle. The French, who lost approximately 75 percent of the men it mobilized, took a different approach. Lacking manpower and still fearing the Germans, the French built the Maginot Line, an expensive series of connected buried heavy artillery bunkers. The Germans continued to think about how to fight a two-front war and believed that speed was the answer.

In previous wars, the victors took the spoils. The Allies demanded Germany give up land it had taken in previous wars and pay massive reparations. The intent was to cripple Germany so that it would no longer be a threat to France or the rest of Europe. Instead, the Allies’ demands set up the circumstances that almost guaranteed another war. To pay reparations, the German government printed more paper money. Hyper inflation set in. The Great Depression that started in the United States had a global reach, and made matters worse in Germany. The German people’s dissatisfaction with their situation enabled the rise of Hitler and the Nazi party. Once in control of Germany, Hitler set the nation on a path that led to World War II.

Courtesy of




All of this week's top headlines to your email every Friday.


 
 

 
Senior Airman Devante Williams

Luke 1 brings home flagship

Senior Airman Devante Williams Brig. Gen. Scott Pleus, 56th Fighter Wing commander, speaks with the press after landing the flagship F-35 Lightning ll joint strike fighter Tuesday at Luke Air Force Base. The flagship’s arriva...
 
 

Every Airman has a voice

While Gen. Mark Welsh III was here at Luke Air Force Base, he discussed the importance of listening to your young Airmen, and making sure they feel empowered to have open dialogue and share ideas within their chain of command. As the NCO in charge of my section, I took General Welsh’s words to heart...
 
 

Off-base activities build your CAF

The Critical Days of Summer draw near. I know that in our shop this kicks off a slew of safety briefings about how to minimize the chance of injuries and stay out of danger. However, this shouldn’t discourage you from going out and exploring the Valley of the Sun. Luke is an amazing base because...
 

 
Senior Airman 
MARCY COPELAND

Love thy feet

Senior AirmanMARCY COPELAND Senior Airman Yadria Wood, 56th Medical Operations Squadron aerospace medical technician, wraps a toe after a wedge resection is performed April 16 on Luke Air Force Base. The human foot contains 26 ...
 
 

News Briefs May 1, 2015

BMGR IEC convenes The Intergovernmental Executive Committee for the Barry M. Goldwater Range will convene at 5:30 p.m. May 13 in Cabela’s Conference Room at 9380 W. Glendale Ave., Glendale. The IEC meets three times per year to facilitate the exchange of views, information and advice relating to the Air Force and Marine Corps’ management...
 
 

Trainee breaks 90 percent, never looks back

“Lee, get off my track!” the instructor yelled. The time clock showed that 21 minutes had passed. Everyone in my flight was finished with the mile-and-a-half run except me. I didn’t finish. Before that we had been mock tested on the sit-up and pushup portion of the test. I performed six sit-ups and zero pushups...
 




0 Comments


Be the first to comment!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>


Directory powered by Business Directory Plugin