Air Force

January 24, 2014

This week in history

Jan. 22, 1944: Allies invade, take Anzio

Maj. Gen. Charles McCorkle

Seventy years ago, the Allies landed on the beaches at Anzio, Italy. The operation’s name was Operation Shingle. The 56th Fighter Group did not take part in the operation. But, the current 56th Fighter Wing has a number of connections to the battle.

To start with, 1943 had been good to the Allies. They seized North Africa following their first successful large amphibious landing there in late 1942. They invaded and took Sicily. After the Italian king arrested former Prime Minister Benito Mussolini, the Italian government signed a secret armistice with the Allies. While the Italian Army quit fighting, the German’s did not.

Then in three coordinated amphibious lands, the Allies invaded the Italian Peninsula with the main force landing near Salerno on the west coast. The invasion hit a snag near Monte Cassino, where the forces of German Air Field Marshal Albert Kesselring stymied those under U.S. Lt. Gen. Mark Clark. Kesselring was a worthy adversary. He had spent the first 27 years of his military service as an artillery officer.

Clark’s solution was a major assault on the German forces followed immediately by an amphibious landing at Anzio. U.S. Brig. Gen., John Lucas led Operation Shingle. The key to success was surprise and quickly securing the high ground around Anzio. The surprise was complete and the landings went unopposed. Unfortunately, Lucas decided to consolidate the landing area instead of immediately seizing the high ground.

Kesselring’s forces got there first, which turned Anzio into a five-month stalemate and led to Lucas’ firing.

Airpower played an important part before and during the operation. Its offensive counter air led to air superiority during the operation. Airpower blinded the Germans, isolated the landings, and provided close-air support during the landings, and the follow-on ground operations.

One of those flying units was the 31st Fighter Group flying North American P-51 Mustangs. The group flew patrol, escort and close-air support missions during the operation. Two of its squadrons now call Luke Air Force Base home, the 308th and 309th fighter squadrons.

Additionally, the commander of the 31st FG was Col. Charles McCorkle. He has other ties to the current 56th FW. His previous commands included what are now the 56th Training Squadron and the 364th FG. The 364th FG is the proposed unit designated to take charge of the wing’s F-16 operations at Holloman AFB, N.M.

McCorkle commanded the group during combat operations, defending the Aleutian Islands from the Japanese in 1942. After the war, McCorkle became an expert in guided missile operations. He served as vice commander of the Fifth Air Force. Later, he was the assistant deputy chief of staff/programs and resources at Headquarters Air Force. In 1966, he retired as a lieutenant general and passed away in 2009.




All of this week's top headlines to your email every Friday.


 
 

 

My personal leadership philosophy

My personal leadership philosophy can be summed up in just a few words — people first, mission always. Some may mistake the phrase “people first, mission always” as a dictum to coddle unit personnel through adversity, but actually, my focus is on preparing them to overcome adversity. The mission will always press on, but without...
 
 

Work, family balance success marker

“Being successful means having a balance of success stories across the many areas of your life. You can’t truly be considered successful in your business life if your home life is in shambles.” — Zig Ziglar In our careers, we frequently hear about the importance of having balance in our life and job. Some common...
 
 
Staff Sgt. 
TIMOTHY BOYER

Luke plays role in saving species

Staff Sgt.TIMOTHY BOYER A team of wildlife specialists prepare a Sonoran pronghorn for release into the wild at the Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge in Ajo. Sixty-nine pronghorn were captured this year. Of those, more tha...
 

 

News Briefs December 19, 2014

Road closure Litchfield Road at Northern Parkway is closed daily 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. through Sunday to paint the bridge overpass, weather permitting. Northern Parkway will remain open. Reems Road and Dysart Road are alternate routes. For more information, call MCDOT at 480-350-9288. MLK luncheon There will be a Martin Luther King Jr. luncheon...
 
 
Senior Airman 
JAMES HENSLEY

MWD Roy — partner, friend passes

Senior AirmanJAMES HENSLEY Staff Sgt. Scott Emmick, 56th Security Forces Squadron Military Working Dog handler, and Roy, 56th SFS MWD, play Dec. 14, 2012, at the at Luke Air Force Base kennels. The MWD and handler team plays to...
 
 

46 graduate ALS in class 15-1

The 56th Fighter Wing Airman Leadership School graduated 45 senior airmen and one staff sergeant Dec. 11 from class 15-1. The graduates are senior airmen unless otherwise noted. John L. Levitow award: Nathaniel Gladney, 56th Aircraft Maintenance Squadron Distinguished graduates: Matthew Goodspeed, 56th Operations Support Squadron; Russell Hires, 56th Medical Support Squadron; James Gilmore, 56t...
 




0 Comments


Be the first to comment!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>


Directory powered by Business Directory Plugin