1782 – The British sign a preliminary agreement in Paris, recognizing American independence.
1838 – Mexico declares war on France.
1861 – The British Parliament sends to Queen Victoria an ultimatum for the United States, demanding the release of two Confederate diplomats who were seized on the British ship Trent.
1864 – The Union wins the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee.
1900 – The French government denounces British actions in South Africa, declaring sympathy for the Boers.
1900 – Oscar Wilde dies in a Paris hotel room after saying of the room’s wallpaper: “One of us had to go.”
1906 – President Theodore Roosevelt publicly denounces segregation of Japanese schoolchildren in San Francisco.
1919 – Women cast votes for the first time in French legislative elections.
1935 – Non-belief in Nazism is proclaimed grounds for divorce in Germany.
1945 – Russian forces take Danzig in Poland and invade Austria.
1948 – The Soviet Union complete the division of Berlin, installing the government in the Soviet sector.
1950 – President Truman declares that the United States will use the A-bomb to get peace in Korea.
1956 – The United States offers emergency oil to Europe to counter the Arab ban.
1961 – The – Soviet Union vetoes a UN seat for Kuwait, pleasing Iraq.
1974 – India and Pakistan decide to end a 10-year trade ban.
1974 – Pioneer II sends photos back to NASA as it nears Jupiter.
1979 – Pope John Paul II becomes the first pope in 1,000 years to attend an Orthodox mass.