Defense

June 4, 2012

Initiative could help improve ISR operators’ processes

Tags:
by Patty Welsh
Hanscom AFB, Mass.

Capt. Tom Bilingsley (left) and Capt. Brendan Simison evaluate a prototype initiative during a demonstration in May. During the demonstration, the Electronic System Center was assessing the capabilities of the Deliberate and Dynamic ISR Management, or D2ISRM, initiative to improve command and control of intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance data. Bilingsley and Brendan are operators from the 102nd Air Operations Group, Otis ANGB, Mass.

The Electronic Systems Center Command and Control Constellation program recently held an operational demonstration in Bedford, Mass., to evaluate a new prototype capability to improve command and control of intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance data.

The prototyping initiative, called Deliberate and Dynamic ISR Management, or D2ISRM, allows for more direct machine-to-machine communication, reducing the amount of slow, manual work for warfighters. “Deliberate” refers to planned operations that fall within the usual daily Air Task Order or ATO cycle, whereas “Dynamic” refers to the retasking of ISR assets already in use.

“Currently, as the operators receive various ISR requests, they have many different decisions to make – which assets have the right tools for the job, which assets are available at the time they’re needed, and what is the best way to connect the dots on the map,” said Perry Villanueva, C2 Constellation program manager. “With D2ISRM, we’re trying to give them better tools to allow for some semi-automatic decision making that helps reduce stress and non-value-added work.”

During the demonstration, war fighters from the 102nd Air Operations Group at Otis ANGB, Mass., simulated an intelligence cell and put the new technology through its paces.

Results gathered at the event indicate the prototype not only made the work of Air and Space Operations Center ISR operators easier and more accurate, but also cut the total request cycle for ISR assets by an average of 85 percent. This dramatic reduction in processing time allows operators more time for essential decision-making.

During the evaluation, the ISR Operations chief said, “Using D2ISRM, I’m not focused on data entry but focused on evaluating collection plan and ad hoc options.”

One of the major components of the initiative is Perceptual Sensing and Information Displays, or PERSEID, which was developed by Charles River Analytics. PERSEID enables the simultaneous display of both deliberate and dynamic data and enhances command and control of ISR assets through decision-support algorithms. PERSEID was initially developed under the DoD Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program, sponsored by the Robust Decision Making Strategic Technology Team at Air Force Research Laboratory at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio.

The C2 Constellation program helped its further development by funding some work to mature and integrate PERSEID into the D2ISRM capability. This year’s goal for the D2ISRM capability is to be potentially transitioned into one of the AOC Weapon System 10.2 program’s limited early install sprints.

Villanueva described the way an operator might benefit by using PERSEID.

“Currently, an operator plans out perhaps 10 different scenarios incorporating various data, such as effective route planning, weather, if there are hostiles in a certain area, airspace restrictions and more,” he said. “From those 10 options, he or she narrows it down to a subset to decide from. With PERSEID, we want the operator to be able to skip the part with the 10 options and be able to have it whittled down to the few best.”

He added that having that capability will allow for faster, more informed decision-making and reduce stress and the anxiety level for the war fighters in the intelligence community who do this work day-to-day. The amount of time saved ensures the operators have time to do more critical thinking and analysis.

The PERSEID tool can also provide a real-time ISR synch matrix, which displays the various ISR assets and their usability status as a function of time.

“It allows the war fighter additional aides to help him decide how to best deploy and use those assets,” Villanueva said.

D2ISRM has other benefits as well. One is that it uses an open architecture, allowing for easier communication from center to center, such as an AOC and a remotely piloted vehicle Squadron Operations Center.

During Empire Challenge ’10 and other previous demonstrations where ISR capabilities were displayed, gaps in this area were identified for improvement, thus leading to D2ISRM.

This effort helps fulfill the mission of the Command and Control Constellation program. C2C is the sole Air Force program for defining, developing and assessing integration of global, theater and tactical level Air Force air, space and cyber command and control capabilities in support of the joint warfighter. Through funding and management of targeted prototyping and experimentation, C2C integrates rapidly developing technologies. In the course of this work it promotes forward-looking architecture, common standards, data sharing and information services across Air Force and joint warfighting applications.




All of this week's top headlines to your email every Friday.


 
 

 
Air Force photograph by Scott M. Ash

AF leaders seek relief from sequestration-level funding

Air Force photograph by Scott M. Ash Secretary of the Air Force Deborah Lee James and Air Force Chief of Staff Gen. Mark A. Welsh III testify before the House of Representatives Committee on Appropriationsí Defense Subcommitte...
 
 
navy-china

USS Fort Worth conducts CUES with Chinese Navy

The littoral combat ship USS Fort Worth (LCS 3) practiced the Code for Unplanned Encounters at Sea (CUES) with the People’s Liberation Army-Navy Jiangkai II frigate Hengshui (FFG 572) Feb. 23 enhancing the professional ma...
 
 

AEGIS tracks, simulates engagement of three short-range ballistic missiles

The Missile Defense Agency and sailors aboard the guided-missile destroyers USS Carney (DDG 64), USS Gonzalez (DDG 66), and USS Barry (DDG 52) successfully completed a flight test involving the Aegis Ballistic Missile Defense weapon system. At approximately 2:30 a.m., EST, Feb. 26, three short-range ballistic missile targets were launched near simultaneously from NASA’s Wallops...
 

 

DOD seeks novel ideas to shape its technological future

The Defense Department is seeking novel ideas to shape its future, and officials are looking to industry, small business, academia, start-ups, the public – anyone, really – to boost its ability to prevail against adversaries whose access to technology grows daily. The program, called the Long-Range Research and Development Plan, or LRRDP, began with an...
 
 

Air Force places 18 A-10 aircraft into ‘Backup Status’

The Air Force, with congressional authorization, will convert 18 primary combat-coded A-10 Thunderbolt II aircraft from active units and place them into Backup-Aircraft Inventory status with the possibility to convert another 18 at a later date in fiscal year 2015. The secretary of Defense has authorized the Air Force to place up to a total...
 
 

AFRL shape-changing materials make form a function

Air Force Research Laboratory research is shaping the future of aerospace. Through research into soft materials called liquid crystal elastomers, AFRL scientists have developed a method to locally program the mechanical response in polymer sheets without the use of actuators and traditional mechanical parts. This research (sponsored by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research)...
 




0 Comments


Be the first to comment!


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>