DOD must change to confront changing face of war, Dunford says

DOD photograph by PO2 Dominique Ar. Pineiro

Marine Corps Gen. Joe Dunford, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, walks through the Ministry of Defence with Sedki Sobhi, Minister of Defence of Egypt, in Cairo, Egypt’s capital city, April 23, 2016. Dunford is traveling overseas to meet with military leaders and foreign dignitaries to discuss issues confronting the United States and its allies, including efforts to accelerate the lasting defeat of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.

Today’s presence of cyber, space and ballistic-intercontinental missile capabilities have changed the character of war, and the U.S. military must adapt to confront these challenges, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff said.

During a flight from Cairo to here yesterday, Marine Corps Gen. Joe Dunford discussed the need to make changes in the department in order to improve the military’s command and control system.

In the current system, the defense secretary is the person responsible for joint integration, said Dunford, noting the secretary holds the authorities to integrate the combatant commands.

The chairman said there are certain areas where a delegation of responsibility — even if not authority — should come to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The chairman can then do on the secretary’s behalf “some things that integrate our forces today in a way that we didn’t need to 10 or 15 years ago,” Dunford said.

The chairman highlighted the Korean Peninsula as an example. More than a decade ago, he said, there was the likelihood that if conflict broke out on the peninsula it would be limited to a ground war in that area only.

Today, that’s no longer the case, Dunford said.

“My whole argument about transregional, multidomain, multifunctional fight is recognition that the character of war has changed, not the nature, but the character,” he said. “It’s changed because of cyber capabilities, space capabilities, ballistic missile capabilities, intercontinental missile capabilities.”

These new capabilities make it unlikely that any new conflict in the world will be isolated to one geographic area, Dunford said.
If a fight breaks out on the Korean Peninsula today, he said, it will likely quickly involve not just U.S. Forces Korea, but U.S. Pacific Command, U.S. Northern Command, U.S. Cyber Command and U.S. Strategic Command.

And it probably wouldn’t be the only conflict going on in the world, said Dunford, who added that the list of the world’s current security concerns is illuminating. There’s the fight against violent extremism, he said, as well as security challenges in Europe with Russia. And, there are security challenges on a day-to-day basis with Iran, the chairman added.

“You have multiple combatant commanders that are all dealing with those challenges,” Dunford said. “There has to be a common operational picture, a common intelligence picture and a framework within which the secretary can make decisions about prioritization and allocation of resources in real time in a crisis.”

The military does that now in what the chairman calls a sub-optimal way. “The character of war has changed so we should adapt to the character of war, and by changing the organizational construct of the Joint Staff,” he said.

Doing so, the chairman said, will position the department to better manage today’s and tomorrow’s security situations.

“We’re talking minutes of decision-making space,” Dunford said. “Can we do it today? Sure. But I would argue if we can cut the decision space down from six minutes to four, that’s actually geometric, and the implications are profound. It increases the probability that the American people would be safe.”