Seeking to halt an erosion of the U.S. military’s combat readiness, a senior House Republican unveiled legislation April 25 that would boost the defense budget by billions of dollars to pay for additional ships, jet fighters, helicopters and more.
But there’s a catch to the plan outlined by Rep. Mac Thornberry of Texas, the chairman of the House Armed Services Committee: He’s counting on President Barack Obama’s successor to back him up.
Thornberry’s annual defense policy bill shifts $18 billion from the account that finances ongoing war operations to prohibit further troop cuts and buy weapons the Pentagon didn’t ask for in its $583 billion request. To make up for the large shortfall in war spending, the new president will have to submit a supplemental budget to Congress in early 2017.
Budget experts described Thornberry’s bid as a gamble, especially in the House, where fiscal conservatives in his own party may refuse to go along.
Todd Harrison, director of defense budget analysis at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, said Democrats might insist on an equal increase in non-military spending if they control the White House and Senate after the November elections.
“House Republicans would have a hard time stopping that because it would mean blocking funding for troops in the battlefield,” Harrison said.
Thornberry’s bill authorizes defense spending for the budget year that begins Oct. 1. The full Armed Services Committee is scheduled to consider the legislation April 27.
In a summary of the bill, the committee said defense spending hasn’t kept pace with the rise in threats from Russia, the Islamic State group and North Korea, leading commanders to make decisions that have weakened the armed forces. Training time has been reduced, the procurement of new gear has been delayed and weapons maintenance has been deferred.
“Implementing budget cuts by slashing training and equipment for forces preparing to deploy is a dangerous and ultimately irresponsible strategy,” the committee said.
The bill would prohibit the Army from falling below 480,000 active-duty soldiers, add 7,000 service members to the Air Force and Marine Corps, and approve a 2.1 percent pay raise for the troops.
Thornberry’s blueprint rejects the Pentagon’s proposal to cut one of the Navy’s 10 carrier air wings. It also includes 11 additional F-35 stealth fighter jets, which cost roughly $100 million each, more Blackhawk and Apache helicopters, and troop-carrying V-22 tiltrotor aircraft.
The legislation would put Republicans on a collision course with Obama by maintaining a ban on moving prisoners held at the Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, detention facility to the United States. The longstanding congressional prohibition has kept Obama from fulfilling a campaign pledge to shutter the facility.
Thornberry’s bill recommends $930 million to train and equip rebel groups in Syria, the Kurdish Peshmerga, and Sunni tribal and government forces in Iraq that are fighting the Islamic State group. But the bill demands greater transparency and oversight of the program.
The legislation would direct the Pentagon to assure lawmakers that enough U.S. troops have been deployed to assist the Syrian opposition forces with retaking and holding the Islamic State stronghold in Raqqa, the extremist group’s de facto capital in northeast Syria. The opposition forces also must be able to defend themselves from attacks by the militants and President Bashar Assad’s forces, according to the bill.
In Iraq, the legislation would restrict more than $157 million until Congress receives a strategy for pushing the Islamic State out of Mosul, the country’s second-largest city.
The bill would provide the $3.4 billion the Pentagon sought for the so-called European reassurance initiative, a quadrupling of last’s year amount to counter threats from an increasingly aggressive Russia. The money pays for armored brigade combat teams, improved intelligence and warning, more Javelin missiles and other equipment U.S. commanders in Europe have said they need.
To assist Ukraine in its bitter tug-of-war with Russia, Thornberry’s bill includes $150 million to provide Ukraine’s military with training, equipment and logistics and intelligence support. Moscow annexed the Crimean Peninsula in 2014 and supports a pro-Russian insurgency in eastern Ukraine, where fighting has killed more than 9,000 people since April 2014 and has devastated the nation’s industrial heartland.
The bill guts the Army’s helium-filled blimp program six months after the high-tech radar system broke free from its mooring at Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland and crashed 150 miles to the north in Pennsylvania. The Army had sought $45 million for the system, but the legislation authorizes just $2.5 million.
The legislation also rejects the Pentagon’s bid to close more military bases and to retire the Air Force’s A-10 Thunderbolt II close air-support jet.